I was going through some dog photos and found these two pictures. I took them on an Indian Reservation in New Mexico. I went there to see the pueblos and ended up spending most of my time watching the dogs on the reservation.
The dogs weren’t really owned by anyone. They wandered about on their own, some alone and some in small groups. They drank from the stream and ate leftovers that were placed outside for them. Mid-day, they’d find a shady spot and take a nap. I noticed that the dogs weren’t people oriented. I never saw one approach a person, although I don’t know if they would get close to the people who fed them.
Of course, it bothered me to think that they were not clean and probably didn’t have veterinary care. On the good side, what I noticed was that with plenty of space, and no one trying to manage them or fit them into human schedules, there didn’t seem to be behavioral issues.
I certainly wouldn’t advocate free-range dogs, but it gave me some insight into the causes of canine behavior problems.